Polkadorks and the E. Coli-brator
est. January 5, 2004
Dorks: Ziyan Chu, Roshan Kumar, Stephen Lee, Joe Levine
Last year's groups were asked to create systems that blink; this year our job was to create systems that form a spatial design. We, the Polkadorks, chose polkadots for our design and have spent the month of January 2004 working on this system.
This animation illustrates our basic system. We start with a collection of engineered e-coli moving randomly in plated media. The bacteria are represented by black dots in the animation. Under control of a stochastic element, a few begin excreting an attractant. These bacteria we will call the sender cells. In the movie we have one sender cell represented by the red dot; the green circle represents the attractant diffusing away from the sender cell.
Through chemotaxis, a process by which a cell along a chemical gradient swims toward or away from the stimulus (an attractant in this case), nearby bacteria start swimming towards the sender cells. These bacteria we will call the receiver cells. This way, groups begin forming around the original sender cells on the plate.
All bacteria have been engineered with a quorum sensing mechanism which effectively senses local cell density. In the groups that have formed on our plate, the cell density eventually reaches a certain threshold. The quorum sensing mechanism of the cells then stops secretion of any attractant. The existing attractant then diffuses away. Since there is no more attractant being secreted, the cells will diffuse away and eventually be spread out across the plate once again. Then by the stochastic element a few cells will begin excreting the attractant and the whole process is repeated.
Basically polkadots will form, diffuse, and form again in random areas on the plate. Our system should thus form time-varying patterns based on local random time-varying symmetry breaking.
Shown is a putative timing diagram of our system for a typical attractant cycle. At some time the trigger activates randomly, sending a TIPS signal to the switch. The switch output rises with a delay set by protein synthesis and degredation (to be explained in the switch device section). This causes the AspA level to rise with another protein synthesis delay. The corresponding increase in Aspartate will activate the switches of other cells (receiver cell in the diagram). After an undefined attraction period, the cells will have formed a dense enough cluster to activate quorum sensing. The switch will turn off with a similar protein synthesis/degredation delay, and aspartate will begin to diffuse away. The cell cluster will diffuse away, at which point the system will be reset to its initial conditions.
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We have specified various protocols to validate our system part by part. We will validate each individual device in our block diagram separately and then subsequently test compound parts. Our plans for device testing are listed below.
Testing Single Devices
Testing Compound Devices
Testing Collective Behaviors
|Systems Device||Device Name||Part Description||BioBricks Number|
|Trigger.1||Lac stochastic trigger device||BBa_I3100|
|Receive.1||Tar-EnvZ attractant receiver device||BBa_I3300|
|Quorum receiver device||BBa_I3510|
|Lux pL Promoter||BBa_R0063|
|Lux pR Promoter||BBa_R0062|
|Switch In (On)||Hk022cI switch input device||BBa_I3400|
|Switch In (Off)||Lambda cI switch input device||BBa_I3401|
|Lambda cI CDS||BBa_C0051|
|Switch Out (On)||Hk022cI switch output device||BBa_I3410|
|Switch Out (Off)||Lambda cI switch output device||BBa_I3411|
|Lambda cI CDS||BBa_C0051|
|Attract.1||AspA attractant sender device||BBa_I3200|
|Report.1||CFP Reporter Device||BBa_E0422|
|Quorum Send.1||Quorum sender device||BBa_I3500|
|Lux pR Promoter||BBa_R0062|
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